About Cagliari

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History

Cagliari is the capital city of the island of Sardinia whose population is around 150,000 inhabitants. The origin of Cagliari arises from its Phoenician foundation that occurred around the eight century B.C. Since then, due to its strategic geographical position, it has always been a place of commerce and trade, thus becoming a destination of occupation for numerous civilizations including the Romans, the Byzantine, The Pisans, the Aragons, the Spanish, the Austrians and the Piedmont. Layer upon layer each of these people have added an element to what is now the town of Cagliari, where past and present perfectly match. The old name of Cagliari, Karalis, means "built on the rocks". Actually Cagliari is a city of hills and pools of water. A city that offers the most varied nuances and tones of colors just like an artist's palette. Thanks to its numerous headlands, Cagliari offers enchanting views.

A view of Cagliari from its center.

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Monuments and Museums

The oldest part of Cagliari is the medieval quarter of "Castello" (the castle). It is built on top of the highest hill, just in front of the harbor, it is surrounded by several bastion walls, and guarded by two towers. A stroll through this quarter allows you to view a large number of monuments and museums including: the Saint Remy Ramparts, the St. Pancrazio Tower, the Roman Amphitheatre, the beautiful Viceroy's Palace, the Lion's Gate, the Neorman Saint Mary's Cathedral dating back to the thirteenth century, National Museum of Archaeology, the National Art Gallery, the Museum Complex and the Centre for Art and Culture - Il Ghetto.

A view of the medieval quarter of "Castello"

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Terrace St. Remy Ramparts

A well-known monument of Cagliari acting as the breathtaking background for the open-air theatre, flavours, folklore, arts and traditions of the Sardinian Island for a summer characterized by music and entertainment.

A picture of the terrace over the St. Remy ramparts.

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St. Pancrazio Tower

The Torre di San Pancrazio (St. Pancrazio Tower), as well as the Torre dell'Elefante (Elephant Tower), are hangover of the era when Pisa and Genoa fought to control the strategically vital outpost of Sardinia.

A view of the St. Pancrazio tower.

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Roman Amphiteatre

The amphitheatre in Cagliari is the most important public building in Sardinia dating back to the Roman Empire (II century B.C.). The amphitheatre was partly dug out of the rock, partly built to hold up to approximately ten thousand spectators. Only the part of this elliptical monument dug out of the rock still stands today. In the summer, the amphitheatre was used for concerts and shows.

A spectacle held at the roman amphitheatre of Cagliari.

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Natural Environment

The natural environment in Cagliari is very enchanting. Just a few minutes from the city center you can enjoy the 7 km long beach called Poetto, with its white, thin sand, and the deep blue color of the sea. Just behind the beach, the old saltworks, and the pond of Molentargius, where you can watch flamingos resting, fishing, or flying to or from the Santa Gilla pond, just on the opposite side of Cagliari. In addition, four natural parks have been realized inside the town.

A flight view of the long beach of Cagliari

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Molentargius

Flamingos have adopted the Pond of the Molentargius as a favorable point of reproduction.

A picture of the Molentargius Pond in the sunset.

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Pink Flamingos

Called in local dialect, "sa genti arrubia" (red people), because of the color assumed by part of the plumage, pink flamingos' color is due to a particular crustacean they eat, particularly rich in purple pigments. Attracted by the mild Sardinian winter, flamingos are concentrated in the ponds around Cagliari, in particular Molentargius and Santa Gilla.

Flamingos at the Molentargius pond.

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Natural Parks

Four natural parks have been realized inside the town: St. Michele, Monte Claro, Terramaini, Monte Urpinu, where you can just relax, take a walk, or play.

A view of the park of Monte Claro.